Ceausescu

Ceausescu - The Romanian Neo-Stalinism

Ceausescu 1981
Nicolae Ceausescu, 1981 Source: Corbis Gheorghe Gheoghiu-Dej became first Communist party-boss 1952. He, even Stalinist, promoted the career of Nicolae Ceausescu. During his time, a gigantic concentration-camp was originated in the Baragan-Steppe, in which the people were abandoned in free nature. Without roof over the head, the people had to live like animals.

At start of the 60's, Romania began to raise the claim to realize the socialism in its own way.

1964, a party-resolution was published, which each interference in inner issues of Romania explicit repulsed.

1967, Bucharest established diplomatic relationships to the Federal Republic of Germany.

1968 protested Ceausescu against the military put down of the 'Prague's Spring' through the Soviet troops! Ceausescu became president in 1974. It began a time of the terror and the spying.

The Securitate was always and everywhere.

A cult originated about the Ceausescus. Their name was pronounced only in relation with superlatives. Elena, his wife, had also big influence on her husband and consequently also on politics and economy. She had completed even no study, nevertheless she was first 'scientist of the people'. She was multiple doctor and member of the academy of the sciences. She collected awards and titles like other stamps.

Although there was already enormous industrialization- and residential-construction-programs in the 70's, in the 80's the plans Ceausescus, Romania to promote to an 'example-state', became more and more extremely.

A codification-program was planned, approximately half of all villages should be demolished. The farmers would have to work in agricultural-industrial complexes.

The country should also become prolific. Therefore, contraceptives were strictly prohibited. Abortions were only women allowed older than 45 or with at least 5 children. Gynecological compulsory-examinations in the businesses should pregnancies as early as possibly to discover.

After wandering for days through the country, the dictator married couple was arrested at the December 24, 1989. Their execution took place on the following day. The history and the circumstances of the revolution, including the arrest and condemnation, are not entire clarified until today. As well the massacres at the demonstrators, which demanded more than 1000 lives.

The persons around the new president Ion Illiescu that the power took on in 1990, were the same as before. Today the democracy is slowly in construction.

Political Parties

The Most Important Parties

Party Political Line Foundation
National Liberal Party national-liberal 1869
Social Democratic Party social-democratic 1893
Conservativ Democratic Party conservatively 1908
National Democratic Party (PND) national-liberal 1910
Farmer Party agrarian-socialistic 1918
Romanian Communist Party (PCR) communist 1921
Iron Guard fascist 1930
Romanian Labour Party communist 1948
Democratic Convention Of Romania (CDR) liberal 1992
Social Democratic Union (USD) social-democratic 1992
Party Of Social Democracy (PSDR) national-conservatively 1993

Political Personalities

Heads of State And Government Heads in the 20th Century

Administration Name (Dynasty) Administration Name (Dynasty)
1881 - 1914 Carol I. (Hohenzollern) 1952 - 58 Petru Groza
1914 - 27 Ferdinand I. (Hohenzollern) 1958 - 61 Ion Gheorghe Maurer
1927 - 30 Mihai I. (Hohenzollern) 1961 - 65 Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
1930 - 40 Carol II. (Hohenzollern) 1965 - 67 Chivu Stoica
1940 - 47 Mihai I. (Hohenzollern) 1967 - 89 Nicolae Ceausescu
1947 - 48 Mihai Sadoveanu 1990 - 96 Ion Illiescu
1948 - 52 Constantin Ian Parhon since 1996 Emil Constantinescu

Daily News

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World news
 / United States
Monday 22 July 2013
Fixated on a closed hospital door in West London? If so, you might have neglected to notice these key news stories …With the royal sprog showing the waiting media who's boss, by refusing to arrive in time for early deadlines, even the most ardent baby-watcher may be getting a bit tired of the constant coverage.There are only so many ways TV anchors can describe what a closed hospital door looks like, while speculating inanely on what might be going on inside.So, to make things easier for those who fear turning their eyes from the set in case there is news, actual news, the Guardian has trawled the internet for stories that you may have missed:Smelly flower causes stink in DC Nicknamed "Andy" by its carers at the US Botanical Garden, the flower is expected to fully open on Monday evening. The titan arum plant smells like a corpse, and people are lining up by the hundreds to catch a whiff. Holly Shimizu, the executive director of the US Botanical Garden, said:We know when it heats up, it gives off this smell. It's fun to see people so excited about a plant.Woman who said she burnt masterpieces now says she didn'tLast week, Olga Dogaru confessed to burning masterpieces by Picasso, Matisse and others, in an attempt to keep her son ...
Art and design
 / Art theft
Wednesday 17 July 2013
Forensic specialists find traces of paint and canvas in ashes from oven belonging to Romanian womanAsh from an oven owned by a woman whose son is charged with stealing seven multimillion-pound paintings, including works by Matisse, Picasso and Monet, contained paint, canvas and nails, a Romanian museum official said on Wednesday.The discovery could be evidence that Olga Dogaru was telling the truth when she claimed to have burned the paintings, which were taken from Rotterdam's Kunsthal gallery last year in a daylight heist.Ernest Oberlander-Tarnoveanu, director of Romania's National History Museum, told the Associated Press that museum forensic specialists had found small fragments of painting primer, the remains of canvas and paint, and copper and steel nails, some of which pre-dated the 20th century."We discovered a series of substances which are specific to paintings and pictures," he said, including lead, zinc and azurite.He refused to say definitively that the ashes were from the stolen paintings. He said justice officials would make that decision.He did venture, however, that if the remains were those of the paintings, it was "a crime against humanity to destroy universal art"."I can't believe in 2013 that we come across ...
World news
 / Ireland
Wednesday 17 July 2013
Henry McDonald
Man claims woman is happy to be pregnant but her family want to take her to UK for abortion because he is non-whiteThe partner of a pregnant woman has asked Dublin's high court to stop her leaving Ireland because he claims she is travelling to Britain for an abortion under pressure from her family.The man is seeking injunctions preventing his girlfriend from leaving Irish jurisdiction for an abortion until it can be ascertained whether she is acting of her own free will. The couple, who cannot be identified for legal reasons, are both foreign nationals but have been living in Ireland.In an affidavit to the court, the man said his girlfriend was "happy to be pregnant" and had "never expressed any desire to have an abortion", but her family believed she would be "ruined" if she had a child with a non-white man.He said she had registered with a maternity hospital in Ireland, was looking forward to have a ultrasound scan in the near future and had already bought baby clothes.The case was heard before the court in the woman's absence. She later attended court and will now be given an opportunity to seek independent legal advice.Ms Justice Mary Laffoy said she would not proceed until the woman had received her own legal advice. The ...
Art and design
 / Art theft
Wednesday 17 July 2013
Museum analyses ashes for proof they are paintings by Picasso, Matisse, Monet and others stolen from Rotterdam galleryA Romanian museum is analysing ashes found in a stove to see if they are the remains of seven paintings by Picasso, Matisse, Monet and others that were stolen last year from the Netherlands, an official has said.The prosecutor's spokeswoman, Gabriela Chiru, told Associated Press that Romania's National History Museum was examining the ashes found in the stove of Olga Dogaru. She is the mother of Radu Dogaru, one of three Romanian suspects charged with stealing the paintings from Rotterdam's Kunsthal gallery in a daytime heist.It was the biggest art theft in more than a decade in the Netherlands. The stolen works have an estimated value of tens of millions of dollars if they were sold at auction.Dogaru told investigators she was scared for her son after he was arrested in January and buried the art in an abandoned house and then in a cemetery in the village of Caracliu. She said she later dug them up and burned them in February after police began searching the village for the stolen works.Chiru indicated that authorities did not necessarily believe Dogaru's account. She said it could take months for the results ...
UK news
 / Immigration and asylum
Thursday 13 June 2013
Sam Jones
Romanian Alexandru Adam, who has own fashion label in London, dismisses talk of Romanians swamping the NHSAlexandru Adam's affection for Britain was kindled at the age of 17 when he spent a month at a Cheltenham college after taking first place in a national graphics competition in his native Romania."I really liked the education system," says the 32-year-old multi-disciplinary designer. "I liked the way people were looking at things and the way the student wasn't treated as someone to be looked down on."A few years later, after attending university in Bucharest, Adam decided to return to the UK to continue his education. Having secured a place at Central Saint Martins in London to study product design, he deferred for a year so that he could earn – and borrow – enough to fund his undergraduate degree. He followed it with an MA in fashion at the Royal College of Art and a stint working for Thierry Mugler in Paris before returning to London, where he now has his own accessories label.Adam has lived in the UK long enough to discern its cyclical social, political and media trends; the present anti-Romanian rumblings, he says, are oddly familiar."I've seen so much negative press about Romania recently," he says. "I remember the ...
UK news
 / Immigration and asylum
Thursday 13 June 2013
Alan Travis
Senator Crin Antonescu says he is sad to hear such rhetoric in UK, citing huge benefits Romanians make to the countrySenior Romanian politicians have voiced concerns to Nick Clegg over growing negative sentiment against their countrymen in the UK, ahead of the lifting of labour market restrictions in January.Crin Antonescu, president of the Romanian senate, urged Clegg at a meeting on Thursday to challenge "unapologetic populists" on immigration and tackle discrimination against Romanians already living in Britain."The majority of the 100,000 Romanians living in the UK came here to work," said Antonescu. "Eighty-five per cent, the highest from any nationality, are in full-time employment. Most are under 35. Almost 40% have a university degree. There are over 4,000 doctors and nurses working in the NHS," said Antonescu."They are not criminals and scroungers caricatured by Mr Farage and his ilk. They pay their own way and contribute more than their fair share to the UK economy," said Antonescu, who is the ruling Social Liberal Union's candidate in next year's Romanian presidential elections.He said in advance of his meeting that he recognised there had always been populist politicians happy to take advantage of people's fears for ...
Environment
 / World news
Wednesday 12 June 2013
Patrick Barkham, Noah Payne-Frank, Josh Strauss, Mustafa Khalili

A family of lions rescued from a Romanian zoo is released into Lions Rock, an animal sanctuary in South Africa


World news
 / French Alps shootings
Monday 10 June 2013
Kim Willsher
Annecy prosecutor says Romanian authorities have been asked to trace phone numbers allegedly called from home of Saad al-Hilli's brotherFrench detectives investigating the murder of a British family at an Alpine beauty spot last year are looking at records of a series of telephone calls made to Romania in the weeks before the attack.The frequent calls, to five Romanian numbers, suddenly stopped after Saad al-Hilli, 50, his wife, Iqbal, 47, and her mother, Suhaila al-Allaf, 74, were gunned down near Lake Annecy in the Haute Savoie last September, say police.Each victim was shot twice in the head, leading investigators to suspect a contract killing. Since then they have also looked at whether the murders could have been carried out by a lone assassin with no connection to the family.On Monday the Annecy public prosecutor, Eric Maillaud, confirmed that detectives had asked the Romanian authorities to trace the telephone numbers following calls allegedly made to and from the home of Hilli's brother Zaid in the three weeks before the family left for a holiday in France."We believe the brother was in contact with Romania and we are looking to identify the calls. We would like to know why he was calling people in Romania," Maillaud told ...
Further News
Economy in Topic Politic & Economy of Romania
Press Releases in City Bucuresti (Bucharest)

Economy

Agricultural products like grain, oil-plants, sugar-beets, fruit and wine dominate. Moreover there are forestry, cattle-breeding, mining, petroleum and natural gas-extraction.

Today for many businesses of the heavy and chemistry industry are foreign investors searched. Many of them are only originated in the mania of Ceausescu to promote the country to an nation of industry.

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expat life
Monday 20 November 2017
Diana Mesesan
Kirk McDavitt had been craving for a sabbatical for many years. He was tired of teaching others how to write and be creative. He wanted to do it himself. When his wife got a job in Bucharest, they agreed on this: Kirk would finally get his sabbatical in Romania’s capital. The waiter, a young boy The post An American teacher on a sabbatical in Bucharest to write his first novel appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
business
Monday 20 November 2017
Romania Insider
Local lender ING has launched for the first time in Romania the option for its customers to log in to the Home Bank application via the Face ID authentication service available for iPhone X terminals from the US producer Apple. The product is currently available only to ING customers. Dutch group ING Bank has a The post ING launches Face ID authentication service in Romania appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
business
Monday 20 November 2017
Romania Insider
The Bucharest City Hall will set up a new department that will implement the measures required by UEFA for the four football matches Bucharest will host at the Euro 2020 championship. It will be called the Euro 2020 service, according to a document of the Bucharest’s General Council (CGMB), cited by local Profit.ro. It will The post Bucharest City Hall gets involved in Euro 2020 preparations appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
daily news
Monday 20 November 2017
Irina Marica
Nearly half (49.2%) of the children in Romania were at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2016, this being the highest percentage among EU Member States, according to data from EU’s statistical office Eurostat. Moreover, the share of children at risk of poverty or social exclusion in Romania was almost double the EU average The post Half of children in Romania at risk of poverty or social exclusion appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
business
Monday 20 November 2017
Ro Insider
Bucharest ranks among Europe’s ten most knowledge-intensive capital cities, according to the report The Geography of Europe’s Brain Business Jobs of the think tank European Center for Entrepreneurship and Policy Reform. The report looked at “where the knowledge workers of Europe flock to and where investments in their innovative ideas bear fruit.” It analyzed detailed The post Report: Bucharest, among the European capitals with most knowledge-intensive jobs appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
business
Monday 20 November 2017
Romania Insider
Romania is the only state in the European Union where the share of men working part-time is higher than that of women, according to a report of the EU’s statistical office Eurostat, based on data from 2016. In Romania, 5.5% of women and 5.7% of men worked part-time last year. At EU level, 1 in The post Romania, the only EU state where more men than women work part-time appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
business
Monday 20 November 2017
Romania Insider
The local subsidiary of the German group Schieffer, will build a plastic and rubber factory in Romania. The company will acquire a plot of over 80,000 sqm in Hunedoara from the city hall, reports local Adevarul. The land previously belonged to the city’s steel mill. The German group will first hire 50 people and will then The post German group Schieffer buys plot in Romania for new factory appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
business
Monday 20 November 2017
Irina Marica
eMag, the largest online retailer in Romania, saw its highest sales yet during the Black Friday campaign organized in Romania last Friday, November 17. More important, however, the retailer also saw significant changes in consumer behavior compared to previous editions. The retailer registered sales of RON 360 million (some EUR 77.5 million) during Black Friday The post Romania’s largest online retailer sees changing trends in Black Friday sales appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
business
Monday 20 November 2017
Irina Marica
Lizar Distribution, the official importer of the Zippo brand in Romania, has officially launched the Zippo.ro online store, which is exclusively dedicated to Zippo products. The clients in Romania can find over 200 models of the famous Zippo windproof lighters, with lifetime warranty, the offer including the Street Chrome, Black Matte, and Spectrum lighters. The The post Zippo online store officially launched in Romania appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
business
Monday 20 November 2017
Romania Insider
Romania’s deficit in agri-food trade rose to EUR 820.9 million in the first eight months of this year, more than double compared to the same period in 2016. However, the deficit slightly went down compared to the first six months of this year, when it exceeded EUR 1.06 billion, according to the Agriculture and Rural The post Romania’s deficit in food trade doubles appeared first on Romania Insider. ...
Further News
Daily News in Topic Politic & Economy of Romania
Press Releases in City Bucuresti (Bucharest)