Force Division

The Ukraine is a presidential democracy with separation of powers. They still becomes - with structures inherited from the Soviet Union - centralist reigns.

The country is apportioned into 24 districts, whose governors are nominated of the president. The cities Kiev and Sewastopol have a special status.

Whereas the West Ukraine, with L'viv in the center, tries to open itself for the west, so the east and south of the Ukraine still seek the proximity to Russia. This division of the Ukraine is a product of its history. Centuries long the east was affiliated to the Russian Empire, whereas the west was subordinated to the Kingdom Poland and later to the Habsburger Empire.

The discrepancy is especially clear to see at the Peninsula of Crimea. 1954, on the occasion of the 300-year-jubilee of the Contract Of Perejaslav - the reunification of the Ukraine with Russia - the peninsula Crimea was transferred from Russia to the Ukraine.

Although in the year 1992 the Ukraine conceded extensive autonomy to the peninsula, many of there living 1,6 million Russians still strove for the connection to Russia. After bloody confrontations between the Russian and the Ukrainian minority the autonomy was abandoned meanwhile.

Today the peninsula Crimea is provided with an Ukrainian conforming constitution, with an autonomy status, with an individual parliament and an individual government. The Tartars whose coming back to the peninsula Crimea today, which were deported from Stalin after 1944, have to to fight with the defense stand of many Russians and Ukrainians.

Political Parties

The Most Important Parties

Name Party Political Line Foundation
People-Movement Ruch Ruch democratic, nationally 1989
Members Of The Greens Party PSU green, ecologically 1990
Social Democratic Party Of The Ukraine SDPU social-democratic 1990
Socialistic Progress Party PSP communist 1991
Communistic Party Of The Ukraine KPU communist, subsequent party of Soviet-era 1993
Agrarian Party APU communist, farmer party 1993
Democratic People Party NDPU democratic, centrically 1998

Political Personalities

Heads of State And Government Heads in the 20th Century

First Republic, 1918 - 21 in Kiev

Administration Name Office
1918 Mychailo Hruschewsky Chairman of the Central Committee
1918 Pawlo Skoropadsky Hetman
1918 - 19 Wolodymyr Wynnytschenko Chairman of the Board
1919 - 21 Symon Petljura Chairman of the Board

Ukrainian State: West-Ukraine, 1918-19 in L'viv (Lemberg)

Administration Name Office
1918 - 19 Jewgen Petruschewytsch Chairman of the National Council

Ukrainian Soviet-Republic, 1918-22 in Charkov

Administration Name Office
1918 Juchim Medwedjew Chairman of the Central Executive Committee
1918 Wolodymyr Satonsky Chairman of the Central Executive Committee
1918 - 19 Andri Bubnow Chairman of the Central Executive Committee
1919 - 38 Grigori Petrowski Chairman of the Central Executive Committee

1922 - 91: Constituent Republic of the Sovietunion

Second Republic, since 1991

Administration Name Office
1991 - 94 Leonid Krawtschuk President
since 1994 Leonid Kutschma President

Economy

Beside of the agriculture, are the coal mining and the steel industry the most important branches of industry. Important are airplane construction and rocketry moreover. The Ukraine has over a well developed, but renewal needy infrastructure for gas, stream, traffic and aeronautics.

The country reform with the dissolution of the inefficient large concerns, the creation of no-agriculture jobs in rural areas, as well as the creation of a free ground market, will be, like the finance reform, the denationalization process and the damming of the corruption, one of the most important topics of the coming years.

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Daily News in Topic Politic & Economy of Ukraine
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Daily News

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World news
 / Animal welfare
Saturday 27 July 2013
Jamie Doward
Mars subsidiary Royal Canin provided prizes and branding for brutal 'competition' staged in UkraineThe food giant Mars is under fire from animal welfare campaigners after it emerged that one of its subsidiaries has been sponsoring bear-baiting competitions. Pet food manufacturer Royal Canin said it was "horrified" to learn that it had sponsored a contest near Vinnytsia in Ukraine earlier this year.Footage taken by Four Paws, an international animal welfare organisation, shows dogs being set on a chained brown bear over a two-hour period. As a small audience looks on, the dogs attack and bite the bear – which is unable to defend itself because its claws have been removed and it is chained to a tree.Several men control the bear's movements using a chain, dragging it around a fight area demarcated with Royal Canin-branded plastic tape. An official awards points to the individual dogs and trophies carrying the Royal Canin logo are awarded to the owners.Royal Canin, a French company bought by Mars a decade ago, makes food for cats and dogs. It promotes itself with the slogan "respecting the animal nature of dogs and cats". But Dr Amir Khalil, a vet and project leader at Four Paws – which has a memorandum of understanding with ...
World news
 / Ukraine
Friday 19 July 2013
Unrest spreads amid claims of police brutality and corruption under Viktor Yanukovych's governmentRiot police dispersed a protest in central Kiev early on Friday over last month's rape of a woman who accused police officers of the crime, local media reported.The city government had allowed the protest on Kiev's main square to be held on Thursday. But after some protesters set up tents to spend the night on the square, the authorities ordered them to leave and police arrived shortly afterwards, the Ukrainska Pravda newspaper reported.It said police in riot gear then started snatching people out of a crowd of about 150 and taking them away while protesters sang the national anthem and chanted "Glory to Ukraine, death to enemies".Police detained about 10 people, according to Interfax news agency.Earlier this month, several hundred people took to the streets in Vradiyevka, 250 miles south of Kiev, after reports circulated of the attack on a 29-year-old shop assistant, who said she was beaten and raped by two policemen.Angered by a suspected cover-up, locals tried to storm a police station and then attacked it with petrol bombs. The government has since sacked the regional prosecutor as well as the heads of the regional and town ...
Environment
 / Marine life
Tuesday 16 July 2013

EurActiv: Talks on creation of two huge reserves off the coast of Antarctic threatened by Russia and Ukraine, says German delegate


Environment
 / Marine life
Thursday 11 July 2013
Karl Mathiesen
Conservation body meets to discuss protection of area 13 times the size of the UK, which would require unanimous agreementRussia and Ukraine look likely to block a plan to create two huge marine reserves off the coast of Antarctica that combined would be bigger than the area of all the world's protected oceans put together.The 25-member Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) meets in Bremerhaven, Germany, on Thursday to discuss the proposal to create the Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the Ross Sea, off the east coast of Antarctica. A decision, expected on Tuesday, would require unanimous agreement.The proposal, backed by the US, New Zealand, Australia, France and the EU, would designate an area 13 times the size of the UK as one in which natural resource exploitation, including fishing, would be illegal. Advocates say the MPAs would provide environmental security to a region that remains relatively pristine.Publicly, delegates and environmental NGOs have expressed optimism that the meeting will be a success. But a senior source at the meeting said the attitudes of Russia and Ukraine as they entered were looking negative.The debate highlighted a rift between "pro-[fish]harvesting countries" ...
World news
 / European Union
Monday 1 July 2013
Nicholas Watt
Speaking in Kazakhstan, British PM says European Union should stretch from the Atlantic to the UralsDavid Cameron has said the EU should extend its membership deeper into the former Soviet Union, calling for its borders to run from the Atlantic to the Urals.Speaking in the former Soviet republic of Kazakhstan on the day that former Yugoslav republic Croatia became the EU's 28th member state, the prime minister hailed the power of the EU to transform divided societies.Cameron said the membership terms imposed on Croatia and on its former enemy and neighbouring former Yugoslav republic Serbia, which hopes to join in the future, were having a "remarkable" effect in underpinning democracy in the western Balkans.But the prime minister made clear that he hoped the enlargement of the EU would go further and extend beyond the three Baltic states of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia – the only former members of the USSR in the EU.In a question-and-answer session with students at the Nazarbayev University in the Kazakh capital, Astana, the prime minister said: "Britain has always supported the widening of the EU. Our vision of the EU is that it should be a large trading and co-operating organisation that effectively stretches, as it were, ...
News
 / Chile
Sunday 23 June 2013
Jonny Weeks

Photographs ranging from a super moon to the battle of Waterloo (yes, really), via herds of snow geese and synchronised swimming North Korea-style


World news
 / Yulia Tymoshenko
Tuesday 18 June 2013
Oksana Grytsenko
Speculation rife that EU, Ukraine and Tymoshenko have agreed on jailed opposition leader moving to Berlin for treatmentYulia Tymoshenko, the former Orange Revolution co-leader jailed for abuse of office, could be released from prison this autumn and allowed to travel to Germany for medical treatment under a deal being thrashed out between the Ukrainian authorities and European intermediaries.The EU has made the solution of the dispute a condition of closer ties with the former Soviet republic.Tymoshenko is serving a seven-year term for abuse of power concerning energy deals with Russia. She has been in hospital since May 2012 suffering from a spinal hernia. Doctors from the Berlin-based Charite clinic have been involved in her treatment.Renat Kuzmin, Ukraine's first deputy prosecutor general, said Tymoshenko could be sent to Germany for treatment. "Such a possibility is not prohibited by law," Kuzmin said. "If certain political and legal decisions are taken, it's possible."Kuzmin refused to specify the terms under which she could stay in Germany.European officials have been pushing for a solution, with the affair severely testing ties between Brussels and Kiev."There are some plans, certain proposals have been made. Now we are ...
World news
 / Second world war
Friday 14 June 2013
AP investigation alleges Michael Karkoc lied about his role in the second world war when emigrating to the US in 1949A commander of a Nazi SS-led unit accused of torching villages filled with women and children lied to American immigration officials to get into the US and has been living in Minnesota since shortly after the second world war, according to evidence uncovered by Associated Press.Michael Karkoc, 94, told US authorities in 1949 that he had performed no military service during the war, concealing his work as an officer and founding member of the SS-led Ukrainian Self Defence Legion and later as an officer in the SS Galician Division, according to records obtained by AP through a Freedom of Information Act request. The Galician Division and a Ukrainian nationalist organisation in which he served were both on a secret US government blacklist of organisations whose members were forbidden from entering the US at the time.Though records do not show that Karkoc had a direct hand in war crimes, statements from men in his unit and other documentation confirm that the Ukrainian company he led massacred civilians, and suggest that Karkoc was at the scene of these atrocities as the company leader. SS files say he and his unit ...
Further News
Economy in Topic Politic & Economy of Ukraine
Ukrainian Press Releases Culture in City L'viv (Lemberg)
Press Releases in City Kyjiw (Kiev)